Theni town is located nearly 450 kms south from Chennai, the state head quarters. Theni town is the District head quarters of Theni District. Theni-Allinagaram town lies 18 km south west of Periyakulam town and 75 km west of Madurai city on the Rameswaram - Cochin National Highway Extension No.49. It is situated on the bank of river Theni admist a stylus setting with in Western Ghats, which separate Theni District from Kerala state, forming a back drop. It is situated between 10° 37’ north latitude and 77° 20’ on east longitude. Being a first grade municipality with an area of 22.23 sq. km. The town has a population of 85498 as per the 2001 census. Now, Theni District has been constituted as a separate District, bifurcating the erst while Madurai District.
Theni district holds Nature's beauty with the Spicy Green Ornaments, Historical Temples and famous water falls. Theni District Warmly welcomes through out the year and feasting the eyes of its visitors.
Theni is known as the ‘Second Manchester of South India’ which indicates the vital role of cotton trade. It is also known for its second big weekly shandy in Tamilnadu, functioning on Sundays and Thursdays. It is business centre for cotton, chilli, textiles, oil, food grains, cardomon, pepper, coffee, grapes, mangos, coconuts, etc. It is mainly a commercial town. Many textile industries are located in and around Theni, which provides employment opportunity for the people.
Theni district is in the Southern part of Tamil Nadu. This district is surrounded by the Western Ghats, with it green stretches of cultivated lands and tea gardens. Silk cotton, soft towels, coffee seeds, cardamom, mango, are the main produce of the district. Theni district is the main route for the tourist bound from Madurai to Kochi via Bodinayakanur and Munnar and Madurai to Thekkadi wildlife sanctuary.
Theni district is totally covered with red soil. This place is suitable for all type agricultural activities as the soil is fertile.
Dindigul district was carved out of the composite Madurai District on 15.9.1985. It is located between 10005” and 100 9” North Latitude and 77030” and 78020” East Longitude. This district is bound by Erode, Coimbatore, Karur and Trichy districts on the North, by Sivaganga and Tiruchi District on the East, by Madurai district on the South and by Theni and Coimbatore Districts and Kerala State on the West. It is spread over on area of 6266.64 Sq. Km. It comprises of 3 Revenue Divisions, 8 Taluks and 14 Panchayat Unions.
Besides this famous Murugan Temple, there is also another Murugan temple at Thirumalaikeni, 25 Km. away from Dindigul town which is becoming a growing pilgrim Centre. Abirami Amman temple in Dindigul town and Raja Kaliamman Temple at Thethupatti 20 km away from Dindigul are the other important Temples which attract thousand of pilgrims.
Peranai and Sirumalai are the two fine picnic spots of this district. There are Nine dams viz, Palar Porundalar, Varathamanathi, Kuthiraiaru in Palani Block, Parappalar and Nanganchiar in Oddanchatram Block, Maruthanathi, Kamarajar Sagar in Athoor Block, Mavoor in Nilakottai Block, Kudaganar in Vedasandur Block augment irrigation facilities to agricultural fields in this district.
Agricultural is main Part. Batlagundu and NIlakottai taluk is famous for the growing and marketing of flowers and Grapes. Oddanchatram is a noted market Centre for vegetables. Batlagundu is an important market Centre for Tomato. Pattiveeranpatti in Batlagundu Block is famous for Cardamom and Coffee curing enterprises.
Kodaikanal, a popular Summer Resort, located at an altitude of 2133 meters in the Western Ghats is the “Princess of Hill Stations”. A notable feature of this Hillock is “Kurunji” flowers blooming once in 12 years. Next blooming in the year 2018.
Tanneries are thickly situated in this District. The finished and semi finished leather and other leather products have a good export market. A large number of Chamber Brick units are functioning in this District. Dindigul Lock and Iron Safes are very famous for its quality. Hand loom, Rice milling, Ground nut and Vermicelli are the other type of food based Industries functioning in this District. There is much scope for starting the Leather based units, Lock units, Brick Units and Food based units in this District.
Dindugal is surrounded with fertile red soil, we can find pebbles mixed with red soil, clayey soil and black soil in some areas. Normal Area, Production and Productivity of Important Crops
Madurai district lies in the South of Tamil Nadu state, bordered by the districts of Dindigul, Thiruchirapalli on the North and by Sivagangai on the East and by Theni on the West and by Virudhunagar on the South. It is geographically located between 9"30'' and 10"30'' North Latitude and between 77"00.00 and 78"30.00 East Latitude.
It covers an area of 3741.73 Sq. km. With the total population of 25,62,279.
Madurai district is one of the 31 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. The city of Madurai serves as the district headquarters. It houses the world famous Sri Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple and is situated on the banks of river Vaigai.
Madurai, also known as "Athens of the East", is the second largest city in Tamil Nadu. The main kingdoms which ruled Madurai during various times are the Pandyas and the Nayaks.
Famous tourist places in Madurai district are:
The major industries in the country, availability of resources, energy, production facilities, communication means etc are included here.
For information about famous Indian businessmen and economists. The economy is the fourth largest economy of the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP). The economy includes agriculture, handicrafts, textile, manufacturing, and a large number of services. Although two-thirds of the Indians still earn their livelihood directly or indirectly through agriculture but the service sector is growing rapidly & playing an important role in the growth of India's economy.
Madurai’s lowest temperature is 20oC and highest temperature is noted as 38 o C.
In this district the average rain fall is 214.25 mm and in South West Monsoon rains works out to 300.4mm, Northeastern monsoon rains works out to 406.5mm, during winter seasons the rain falls measured to 112.7mm.
The area is surrounded with clayey soil ( lack soil), black soil and red soil which is suitable for all types agriculture.
Ramanthapuram District has an area of 4123 km², and a population of 1,183,321 (as of 2001). It is bounded on the north by Sivaganga District, on the northeast by Pudukkottai District, on the east by the Palk Strait, on the south by the Gulf of Mannar, on the west by Thoothukudi District, and on the northwest by Virudhunagar District.
The famous temples like Ramaswami Kovil, (Ramaswaram temple) Pampan Palam, Guru Chari Island, Airvadi Mosque are the famous places to visit.
The fluvio-marine deposits are exposed in the Vaigai delta as deltaic plain, paleo-tidal and dune flat deposits. The deltaic plain and dune flats comprise medium, Grey brown sands. The paleo tidal flat deposits include black silty clay, black clay and mud. In Rameswaram Island also brown sand deposits occur around Sambaimadam on either side of NH 49 west of the town.
Some of the crops grown in Ramanathapuram district are paddy, cholam, cumbu, millets, pulses, cotton, Groundnut, Sunflower, Gingelly, chillies, coriander, coconut, and sugarcane. People of the district are also engaged in Pearl Fishery, Chank fishery, and Prawn farming. A popular small scale industry of the region is handloom industry.
The lowest temperature is 22.3oC and highest temperature is noted as 37.8 o C.
In this district the average rain fall is calculated as 802mm for one year. Occasionally there will be showers and not much of rain received in this areas.
Pudukkottai district covers an area of 4663 Sq. Km. which has a coast line of 39 Kms. The district is located between 78.25' and 79.15' of the East of Longitude and between 9.50' and 10.40' of the North of Latitude.
As the total population of the Pudukkottai district is 14,59,601. As the land is not fertile, so agriculture is not very common at Pudukkottai. People are engaged in the mining of granite and laterite. Another source of income is the handloom industry.
In this district the average rain fall is calculated as 827mm for one year.
Tourist come to visit the following places of Pudukkottai district:
Pudukkottai- archeologists paradise
Trichy, Sivagangai and Tanjore District, are surrounded with Bay of Bengal as their boundaries.
There are six large scale industries in the district as given below: (1) M/s. Cauvery Spinning and Weaving Mills Ltd., Cauvery Nagar. (2) M/s. Pudukkottai Textile Mills Ltd., Pudukkottai. (3) M/s. Sri Nadiambal Textile Mills Ltd., Arantangi. (4) M/s. Ramachandran Chemicals (P) Ltd., Kiranur. (5) M/s. Sundaram Industries Ltd., Pudukkottai. (6) The State There are 392 small scale units. The main industries in which they are engaged are wood based industries, tinkering, fabrication of metal products, printing and binding, manufacture of agricultural implements, manufacture of agricultural implements, manufacture of cement tiles and other cement products, automobile servicing and repairing and safety matches. A few oil and rice mills are concentrated in Alangudi taluk, Thiruvarangulam a Pudukkottai blocks.
The average temperature, Lowest is 921.6 oC and the Highest measuring as 38.7C.
Watershed Development and Management:
Water conservation and rainwater harvesting is best accomplished when taken up on Watershed management. The watershed being a hydrological unit, any intervention to store rainwater or moderate the runoff responds more favourably when the programme is organised on watershed basis. The concept of integrated watershed development
The average rainfall is 513.1 mm rainfall from January to September as against the normal rainfall of 528.7 mm.
Sivagangai District is an administrative district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The city of Sivaganga is the district headquarters.
Karaikudi is another important city in the district. Karaikudi known as the capital of Chettinad, which includes Karaikudi and the surrounding 74 villages.
Sivaganga District has been carved out from composite Ramnad District. Sivaganga is the district headquarters. The district has 6 taluks in 2 revenue division.
Pudukkottai, Madurai, Trichy, Ramanathapuram and Virudunagar District, these are the boundaries of Sivagangai District.
The principal crop of Sivaganga district is paddy. The other crops that are grown are millets, cereals, pulses, sugarcane, and groundnut. A vast majority of the workforce is dependent on agriculture (72.8%). The principal crop of Sivaganga district is paddy. A majority of the district has red soil. The other crops that are grown are sugarcane, groundnut, pulses, millets and cereals. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University plans to set up the State's first Red Soil Dry land Research Centre in Sivaganga district soon.
Places of Interest
Palace at Kanadukathan, Koviloor Temple, Karaikudi, Pillaiyarpatti temple, Kandadevi Temple, Idaikattur Church, Kaleeswarar Temple, Thirukostiyur Temple, Nagarasivan Temple, Karaikudi, Kovilur Temple.
Area in (Sq.Km) 4189.00
Climate/summer Max.38 C Winter Max.30 C
Rainfall 50 cms.average Season Throught the year Clothing Topical
Virudhunagar District with Virudhunagar as its Headquarters was formed on 15.3.1985 trifurcating the erstwhile composite Ramanathapuram District. Virudhunagar District has an area of 4243 Sq.Km. It is bounded on the West by Kerala State, on the north by Madurai and Sivagangai districts, on the east by the new Ramanathapuram District and on the south by Tirunelveli and Thuthukudi Districts.
It had a population of 1,751,301 as of 2001. It is 44.39% urbanised.  The district has a literacy of 74.23%, just below the state average.
The district is bounded by Tirunelveli District to the southwest, Kerala state to the west, and Theni district to the northwest.
Virudhunagar is famous for oil and cotton industry. Sivakasi, 20 km from Virudhunagar, is famous for its fireworks and printing presses.
Aruppukottai is famous for spinning mills (ramalinga groups ,jayavilas groups).
The district comprises eight taluks: Aruppukkottai, Kariapatti, Rajapalayam, Sattur, Sivakasi, Srivilliputhur, Tiruchuli and Virudhunagar.
The climate of the region is semi-arid tropical monsoon type. It has a high mean temperature and a low degree of humidity. The temperatures range from 20° C to 37° C. April, May and June are the hottest months of the year. Virudhunagar receives scanty rainfall with an annual average of 812 mm. The South West monsoon which sets in June and lasts till August brings scanty rain. The bulk of the rainfall is received during the North East monsoon in the months of October, November and December.
Thoothukudi also known as Tuticorin, is a city and is now a corporation.
The city is also known as "Pearl City". It is a sea port city which serves southern Tamil Nadu including the inland cities of Coimbatore, Madurai and Tirunelveli.
Tuticorin name was used by Dutch people who were here, and now its called "Tuticorin" in English and "Thoothukudi" in Tamil.
Thoothukudi is traditionally known for its pearl fishery and shipbuilding. It was the sea port of the Pandyan kingdom. Thoothukudi was the stronghold of the Paravas, a community from the lineage of Pandyan kingdom that still continues to be a strong base of this community.
The major harbour of Thoothukudi is well known as a pearl diving and fishing center.
Thoothukudi is in South India about 540 km south west of Madras(Chennai) and is geographically located in the Gulf of Mannar.
It is in south and southwest by the district of Tirunelveli, west and northwest by the district of Virudhunagar and north by the district of Ramanathapuram. The total area of this district is 4621 km². The administrative headquarters is an urban agglomeration and also one of the taluk headquarters within the district.
Tropical climate. Hot and humid.
After Independence, the minor Port of Tuticorin witnessed a flourishing trade and handled a variety of cargo meant for the neighbouring countries of Sri Lanka, Maldives etc. and the coastal regions of India.
Kanyakumari District (Tamil: கன்னியாகுமரி மாவட்டம்) (also spelt 'Kanniyakumari' or 'Kanniakumari District' ) is a district of Tamil Nadu state, India and also the southernmost land area and district of mainland India.
Kanyakumari District is one of the 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. The district takes its name from the tourist town of Kanyakumari, which is at the tip of the Indian Peninsula and faces the Indian Ocean. The headquarters (capital) of the District is Nagercoil, which is 20 km from Kanyakumari town.
The town of Kanyakumari is geographically a Cape, and it was known earlier as Cape Comorin.
The Land & Geographical Features
Kanyakumari is the smallest district in Tamil Nadu, with a land spread of 1,684 km and has varied ecosystems - forests, wetlands, freshwater resources and marine.
The district, once called 'The Granary of Travancore' is fertile, with hundreds of water bodies and an excellent canal irrigation system. Rubber and spice plantations are found on the hilly terrain, while paddy fields, plantain (banana) and coconut plantations are found on the plains.
Soil types -
It had a population of 1,676,034 and 65.2% of the district is urbanised. It has a high population density of 995.7 persons per sq.km and is one of the highest literate regions with a total literacy rate of 87.6. The district also has a high female sex ratio of 1014 females born to every 1000 males.
Based on a 50 year study, it is found that during the North-East monsoon, between October and December, a precipitation of 549 mm is received in 24 rainy days and during the South-West monsoon 537 mm is received from June to September in 27 rainy days. In summer, 332 mm of rainfall is received in 11 rainy days between March and May. The annual average rainfall in the district is 1465 mm with a maximum of around 247 mm in October and a minimum of 21 mm in February. Relative humidity ranges between 60 to 100%.
The main languages spoken by people of the district are Tamil and Malayalam. English is widely understood in the urban areas. While the majority in the district speak Tamil, Malayalam is an important language, and spoken by many, in the northern and western areas of the district.
Paddy is mainly cultivated in Srivaikundam, Sattankulam and Tiruchendur taluks. Cumbu, Cholam, Kuthiraivali and other Pulses are raised in the dry tracts of Kovilpatti, Vilathikulam, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi taluks. Cotton is being cultivated mainly in Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi taluks. Groundnut cultivation is mainly undertaken in Kovilpatti, Tiruchendur and Sattankulam taluks. Groundnut cake is being used as manure and cattle feed.
The average rainfall is 523.1 mm rainfall from January to September as against the normal rainfall of 504 mm.